Emergency Management

First Aid Management

Pressure-Immobilisation Technique:

  • Patient should be kept as still as possible to slow the spread of the venom
  • Apply a broad bandage firmly over the entire limb
  • Use a splint to help immobilise the bitten limb and prevent movement
  • Keep the bitten limb lowered, if possible below the level of the heart, to reduce circulation of the venom.
  • Monitor vital signs

Note: The bite should not be washed, so that the area can later be swabbed for venom detection and identification

Emergency Hospital Management

Pressure-Immobilisation should not be removed until the patient is in a hospital stocked with antivenom and antivenom therapy can commence.

Initial management includes basic resuscitation and assessment of the patient, stabilising airways, breathing and circulation. Even if patient shows no signs of envenomation, they should be observed for at least 12 hours for monitoring, especially if delayed envenomation is a possibility.

http://www.australianprescriber.com/magazine/29/5/125/9/

By Rachel

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~ by pcl4 on July 23, 2008.

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